Indicators, Tools, and Instruments


Indicators, Tools, and Instruments


How do we measure Food Security and Nutrition?


Examples of the most commonly used indicators are shown in the table below.
 

Social LevelAvailabilityAccessibilityUtilisationStability
Macro
(national)
Fertility rate
Food Production
Population Flows
Food price
Wages
Per capita food consumption
Stunting rate
Wasting rate
Low Birth Weight rate
Food price fluctuation
Regional gaps
Meso
(province, district, commune, village)
Harvest-time staple food productionMarket and retail food pricesLatrine coverage
Diarrhoeal Disease rate
Pre-/post harvest food
Women's Body Mass Index
Micro
(household/family, individual)
Food storage
Consumption of wild foods
Meal frequency
Food frequency
Employment
Weight-for-age
Goiter
Anaemia
Pre-harvest food practices
Migration


Intervention Tools & Instruments


Below are some examples of interventions used in FNS programmes to address food and nutrition insecurity at different social levels
 

Social LevelAvailabilityAccessibilityUtilisationStability
Macro
(national)
Family planning programmeFood stamps programmeSafe motherhood programmeSaving and loan policy
Meso
(province, district, commune, village)
Small-scale irrigation projectSchool feeding programmeMeasles immunisation campaignCommunity Planning Committees
Micro
(household/family, individual)
Use of fertiliserBreastfeeding coachingLatrine construction
Growth chart
Food storage


| Availability | Access | Use and Utilisation | Stability | Conceptual Framework of Malnutrition | Measuring Food and Nutrition Security | Intervention Tools & Instruments |